Parts Of A Research Paper


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You need to build up all the parts of a research paper before handing it for submission. Academic papers follow a certain guideline and are divided into sections and parts. If you want good grades, you need to structure your paper according to the format required by your instructor. Most of the students get confused with the parts, but they are extremely easy to organize and create. Here is a brief outline to help you before you start:

• Title And Abstract:

Your paper must have an informative title that briefly defines the problem statement. It is one of the important parts of a research paper and should be kept within 80 characters or less. An abstract consists of a brief summary of your research. It should not exceed 200 words in length. It should be concise and in a single paragraph, written in a rational and scientific manner for easy understanding.

• Introduction:

It belongs to the list of crucial parts of a research paper as it highlights the project objective, theoretical hypothesis behind the research and provides a general overview of your goals. It should be double spaced and should not cross more than two pages. The importance of the problem and approach taken should also be mentioned.

• Methodology And Tools:

This section deals with all the procedures, materials and formulas use to reach the specified goals of the project. You can include surveys, questionnaires, audio visual tools and a list of formula based equations which form the core of the project. It is one of the most difficult parts of a research paper as it requires a keen analytical mind. You need to specify equipments, data sheets, calculative theories and any other tool used in project.

• Results:

You need to list all the findings and experimental data obtained during the course of the project. All charts, figures, data sheets and tables must be properly illustrated and labeled. It belongs to the key parts of a research paper, where all your findings need to be summarized. You should not discuss your results but only state them in this section.

• Discussions And Analysis:

This is one of the main parts of a research paper where you need to justify or reject an argument using varied criticism, points and references. Each point, theory and result obtained should be subjected to proper analysis and you should interpret your findings. While writing such parts of a research paper, you can take out multiple possibilities from the thesis statement and expand each one of them to reach your final project goals.

• Conclusion:

Once all the probabilities and theories have been analyzed and justified, you need to emphasize the importance of your findings in relation to the problem and how it benefits the society at large. It is one of the shorter parts of a research paper and should mention potential flaws and improvements in project design.

• Citing Of Reference And Literature:

It is one of the most important parts of a research paper and deals with the proper credit given to the sources and references. You should have a separate bibliography section that lists all sources in alphabetical order. Each entry should include name of the author, name of the book or periodical and date of publication. For multiple works of same author, you should list them in a chronological fashion.

There are lots of ways you can bring innovation and creativity to your project approach. As long as you construct all the parts of a research paper and follow the proper guidelines, you can be assured of good grades in your terms.


Research Paper