Learning Disability Evaluation
A learning disability evaluation is done if you or your child’s teacher suspects that the child has trouble in learning and is not making any academic progress or has behavioral problems.
Why is learning disability evaluation necessary?
If parents and teachers suspect learning disability in a child tests should be done to establish the fact. Learning disability evaluation is mandatory by federal and state laws to decide whether the child is eligible for special education. An evaluation of a child’s learning disorder is also necessary because it provides important information about the extent of the problem and if the disorder is established then this information comes in handy while developing the special IEP (individual education program) for the child.
Steps involved in undertaking the learning disability evaluation
Learning disability evaluation is a complex process involving many stages of gathering information in all aspects of a child’s assumed learning disorder. The learning disability evaluation is based on the type of suspected disorder and the unique questions related to each child. This includes keen observations, reviews of the child’s educational records and his body of work, speech and language assessment tests as well as testing of his academic skills.
Fine and gross motor evaluation is also taken into account while conducting a learning disorder assessment. The child’s social and developmental history, emotional intelligence along with intellectual ability or IQ is also included in a learning disability evaluation. Behavioral issues including adaptive behavior assessment are also a part and parcel of disability tests. Some children may be asked to undergo psychiatric testing along with a medical.
People involved in taking the learning disability evaluation
A variety of professionals undertake the assessment for learning disability evaluation. Teachers are the first to be roped in to observe the child with suspected learning difficulties as clear observations can help in the testing process a lot. Educational diagnosticians, medical professionals, speech pathologists, occupational and physical therapists are also involved in conducting the learning disability evaluation. Counselors and psychologists play an important part in identifying learning problems in a child.
The outcome of the learning disability evaluation
Once the learning disability evaluation is over the results are shared by the team. Some school districts prefer giving one whole integrated report while others give individual reports from each examiner. Whatever the preference it is always better if examiners can attend IEP meetings, share their reports and discuss questions with other team members to come to a correct conclusion.
Parent inputs and participation are vital in this process. Once the evaluation has been reviewed and information shared the results are used to determine whether the child meets the learning disability criteria and if the answer is positive then a diagnosis has to be made. An IEP is developed along with any other special instructions to meet the specific requirements of the child.
Learning disability evaluation is necessary for identifying a child with the suspected disorder so that all possible help is given to him as soon as possible.
Types of Learning Disabilities