Characteristics Of Dyslexia


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Dyslexia is a language processing disorder which is neurological in origin. The characteristics of dyslexia show themselves in difficulty with spoken and written information. Characteristics of dyslexia may vary from mild to severe. They may be debilitating enough to qualify as learning disability in public schools.

But many school districts do not use dyslexia as a term. A severe case of dyslexia may be designated as learning disability in reading or writing in the child’s school. A child with severe characteristics of dyslexia may be considered eligible for special education services. Instructions specially designed for such children may be required to tackle such symptoms of dyslexia.

Other characteristics of dyslexia may be difficulties with auditory processing of expressive or receptive language. For example, dyslexic people, when reading aloud, may reverse parts of words or the entire words. A child with dyslexia may read ‘bad’ as ‘dab’. The child may confuse sounds or word order, and sometimes words may be slurred over or omitted altogether. In written language, dyslexics can reverse the letters or words, and sometimes a total reversal of words, or mirror writing, may be present.

Characteristics of dyslexia may include difficulties with receptive language, and people with dyslexia may be unable to perceive words or sounds correctly. Whether the person has been reading aloud, or listening to language being spoken, students with dyslexia are often unable to recall details of what they read or what was said to them. Dyslexic people may have difficulty processing material that has been read to them and explaining the main ideas of the material they heard.

Characteristics of dyslexia may also include difficulty in pronouncing words especially if they contain several syllables, and they are often unable to repeat phrases that have been spoken to them, or understanding their meaning. Problem with following instructions is another of the characteristics of dyslexia, and they also find it difficult to grasp synonyms, homonyms, idioms, rhymes, and symbolic speech such as metaphors and similes.

Characteristics of dyslexia also include difficulty with spelling. Often, a child with dyslexia spells a word in a rational and not phonetic manner, for example, dus for does, pleeze for please or nock for knock. Indeed, very often our attention to the problem of dyslexia in children is attracted when we find them making mistakes with simple or short words.

Children with dyslexia also have difficulty with directions like left and right or east and west. This is one of the characteristics of dyslexia. This can be demonstrated if you ask a child to point to your right foot with his/her left hand. They may have similar difficulties in following directions like ‘walk down the road and then turn left and then right, etc.’

Another of the common characteristics of dyslexia in children is writing letters backwards. Often, dyslexic children mix up ‘d’ and ‘b’, ‘p’ and ‘q’, and ‘saw’ and ‘was.’ These letters appear as same in mirror image, and they confuse persons with dyslexia regularly. Often, dyslexic children writ the letter ‘b’ as the upper case ‘B’ as they find this easier to remember.


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