Children And Dyslexia
The problems of children and dyslexia result in difficulties with reading and spelling, among other things. These children can be helped to succeed if some changes are made in normal classroom activities.
Children and dyslexia result in an impaired ability to spell and read, and it can also have an effect on verbal short term memory. Children and dyslexia also result in problems with language processing and organization and they may have trouble following instructions or directions. Children and dyslexia may lead to difficulties in school and these children may not be able to keep up with their peers, particularly in reading.
Children and dyslexia, however, need not result in failure, and such children can indeed be successful in school as well as in life. The best approach to improving the skills of dyslexic children is early intervention, but children of any age can improve their skills when they are given the proper learning tools and the opportunity. For children and dyslexia, structured and multisensory teaching methods succeed the best.
Children and dyslexia may show different symptoms, but certain classroom accommodations can be introduced in regular classrooms to help dyslexic students to succeed.
Classroom tests are mostly written assessments and these need to be completed within a specified length of time. This can pose problems for children and dyslexia, and some adaptations may be made to the process.
- the test questions may be read out to the student and his/her answers may be written down for them
- the students may be allowed to tape record their answers and not have to write them down
- they may be given extra time to finish the test
- they can finish the test during their free periods
- curtail the number of words in spelling tests
- grade their assignments and tests without deducting points for poor handwriting and misspelled words
Modifying reading assignments
Children and dyslexia result in reading difficulties. Dyslexic children have problems sounding out words or they may reverse the sounds or miss words. Reading teachers may help dyslexic students by:
- not asking the child to read in class aloud unless he/she volunteers to do so
- allowing the student to do the reading assignment at home with a tape recorder if reading aloud is absolutely necessary
- providing the child with the reading material beforehand so he/she can practice and make himself familiar with the story or passage
Children and dyslexia may result in much longer time taken to complete their homework assignments compared to “normal” students. Teachers can make some modifications in the homework assignments of dyslexic children such as:
- providing the students and parents a maximum time limit within which the homework should be completed. The dyslexic child should stop working when he/she has reached the stipulated time limit irrespective of whether the homework is finished or not.
- allow the child to answer every third question or every other question so as to curtail the amount of work.
- The child can tape record his/her answers and submit the recording in place of written assignment.
What is Dyslexia