Diagnosing dyslexia is important when A person is unable to read normally. Although seen more in children, dyslexia can also be observed in adults who suffer from impaired reading ability. We may think of reading as a simple task, but in reality, it is a complex process which requires a person to do many things at the same time. When children learn to read, they try to connect the sounds of the words with their spellings. This is known as phonetic awareness, and it is an important tool in diagnosing dyslexia.
Small children soon start identifying words which appear before them repetitively. So reading becomes easier for them and the focus shifts to comprehending the meanings of the words. Children with dyslexia lack this phonetic awareness, so they are unable to read the words. Since reading itself becomes challenging, understanding their meaning becomes even more difficult and this leads to frustration and confusion between the child and parents.
Signs to look for when diagnosing dyslexia
When a small child shows signs of reading difficulty, he will also be seen to struggle with his academics later. If he is bright in all other respects, his parents may naturally get worried and take him to a therapist for the problem to be diagnosed.
If the child is a generally slow learner, then diagnosing dyslexia may take longer. Most children are able to overcome this difficulty with therapeutic assistance. But these problems may also afflict some adults; hence it is necessary to establish some definite symptoms in diagnosing dyslexia. Some of these are as follows:
- delay in speech development.
- feels confused between right and left.
- finds it difficult to follow multiple instructions.
- problems with reading: difficulty with pronunciation, skipping lines, reading the same line twice etc.
- Finds it difficult to memorize sequential numbers or words such as multiplication tables, telephone numbers, days of the week etc.
While these signs definitely point to dyslexia, they are not in themselves sufficient for diagnosing dyslexia.
Diagnosing dyslexia - an outline
Diagnosing dyslexia is different in the case of children and adults. In the case of children, their academic performance usually indicate the likelihood of dyslexia; with adults, it is their ability to perform daily chores and the level of efficiency that indicates dyslexia.
Diagnosing dyslexia may require special clinical tests which confirm the presence of dyslexia and identify its severity and type. There are online tests available which adults may take to confirm the disorder. A history of dyslexia in the family increases a person’s chance of acquiring it. So a combination of medical history and the symptoms described may be important factors in diagnosing dyslexia.
As parents, it is normal to be deeply concerned, or even panic, if your child displays signs of dyslexia. However, often it may turn out to be a temporary condition which can be rectified with therapies. Diagnosing dyslexia early is important so that your child may learn to read and perform his academic tasks normally as soon as possible.
What is Dyslexia