Different Types of Learning Disabilities


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A learning disability means that the brain has problems in processing certain types of information which may be verbal, written or numerical. Although there is no cure for this problem it can be tackled through effective strategies but first the different types of learning disabilities must be identified:

Different types of learning disabilities:

Dyslexia

Dyslexia is probably the most widely recognized amongst the different types of learning disabilities. This problem impairs the individual’s ability to read and/or understand written language because of sequential or directional problems. This brain-based disability leads the person to read at a much lower level than is normal for that age group. They have difficulty in learning the alphabet. They also find spelling difficult and have problems in processing the way words are phonetically pronounced. Correct processing of quick visual /verbal reactions is also problematic.

Dyscalculia

Amongst all the different types of learning disabilities dyscalculia affects the mathematical skills of the individual. People with this problem find it difficult to understand the basic principles of mathematics and thus they might not be able to learn numbers or they might mix up mathematical symbols. They cannot comprehend the numerical order and understanding time, spatial reasoning and measurement become impossibly hard tasks for them.

Dysgraphia

Dysgraphia is probably the odd one in the many different types of learning disabilities in that it doesn’t directly affect a person’s learning skills with letters or numbers but it is an inability to write within a set area of space like a lined piece of paper. This problem is basically an output disorder which is caused by poor control over the small muscles which dominate the fine motor skills. This results in illegible handwriting, poor handling of writing instruments or late development of the fine motor skills.

Aphasia

Recognizing the many different types of learning disabilities may help you zero onto aphasia which is more commonly known as receptive language disability. Individuals with this disorder have problems in comprehending and following verbal instructions and they may have to struggle hard to speak or pronounce words. Even repeating phrases becomes a mammoth task for them. The only effective way to tackle this disorder on a day-to-day basis is through eye contact and speaking very slowly using simple words.

Auditory and Visual Perception

The different types of learning disabilities also include auditory and visual perception disabilities in which the individual can see and hear without problems but still their brain cannot comprehend language or interpret language cues. People with auditory problems cannot distinguish between various sounds or phonemes especially when more than one sound occurs simultaneously. Those with visual problems find themselves grappling with obstacles like transposing letters, skipping letters, sentences or even paragraphs and not knowing which letter comes first. They have poor depth perception and may reread the same passages over and over again.


Types of Learning Disabilities