Dyslexia Handbook

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The revised Dyslexia Handbook was published by the Texas Education Agency in 2007.

Purpose of the Dyslexia Handbook

The Preface to the Dyslexia Handbook sets out the purpose behind publishing it.

The state of Texas provides systems of organized reading support to students who find it difficult to read despite receiving appropriate instruction.

Some children face difficulties during the early stages of reading, while other children have difficulties in their later grades, when they have to tackle higher language demands in the form of textbooks and grammar.

Some of the students are non English speakers who have difficulty reading in their native language and some are English language learners who face difficulties with reading despite being proficient in oral English.

The Dyslexia Handbook Preface says that for many of the struggling student readers, the problem may stem from dyslexia.

The purpose of the Dyslexia Handbook is to give guidelines to charter schools, district schools, teachers, parents and guardians to identify dyslexia and proper instruction for the affected students.

The Dyslexia Handbook will be found to be extremely helpful to district and charter schools in developing written procedures related to dyslexic students.

Legal framework

The Dyslexia Handbook states that district and charter schools must address the needs of the individual students they are serving, to complement the legal framework provided by the federal and state laws.

The identification and instruction of dyslexic students and students with related disorders are mandated by statutes in the state of Texas, as set out in the Dyslexia Handbook.

The relevant Texas Education Code:

- Defines what is dyslexia and the related disorders

- Mandates the testing of students for dyslexia and provision of suitable instruction for students with dyslexia

- Gives the State’s board of education the authority to frame standards and rules for administration of tests and instruction.

In addition, we learn from the Dyslexia Handbook that the relevant chapter in the Texas Administration Code sets out the responsibility of charter and district schools in delivering the necessary services to the students with dyslexia.

Lastly, the Rehabilitation Act which was passed in 1973 establishes the evaluation and assessment procedures for the students in question.

Addition of important chapters

Some important chapters have been added in the Dyslexia Handbook of 2007, which deal with:

- characteristics and definitions of dyslexia

- procedures for the assessment of students with dyslexia

- referral to provisions of Special Education

- instructions for students with dyslexia

Background of the Dyslexia Handbook

Texas goes back a long way in supporting the basic skill of reading, and this includes an emphasis on the early intervention and identification of children with reading difficulties. After new dyslexia legislation was passed in the Texas Legislature, the State Education Board approved the Texas Education Agency’s dyslexia handbook entitled ‘Dyslexia and Related Disorders’ in 1986.

The Dyslexia Handbook was updated in 1992 and 2001, and the State Education Board continued to emphasize the necessity of employing research based schemes to prevent reading difficulties in students and arrange for suitable instruction to the struggling readers. The revised Dyslexia Handbook was brought out in 2007 and replaced the previous guidelines and handbooks.

What is Dyslexia