Dyslexia Learning Disability
Dyslexia learning disability is a condition associated with poor reading. Children who have dyslexia find it difficult to learn to read because of information processing problems related to auditory or visual perceptual deficits. Many of these children, but not all, have problems with reversals of letters, words or numbers.
Recent research has indicated specific methods of teaching and instruction to help students to learn to read irrespective of the underlying problem, whether dyslexia learning disability or anything else.
What is dyslexia learning disability?
Children with an average or above average IQ but who read one and half or more below their grade level, may have dyslexia. Real dyslexia affects around three to six percent of the population, but it has been observed in certain parts of the country that up to fifty percent of students do not read at their grade level.
This implies that for most children unable to read at grade level, the reason is ineffective reading instructions, and not necessarily dyslexia learning disability. The dyslexic child may suffer from having a learning disability combined with exposure to ineffective instructions.
Symptoms of dyslexia learning disability
Children who have the following symptoms may be suffering from dyslexia learning disability:
- they may experience letter or word reversal, such as b/d, p/q when reading
- they may experience letter or word reversal, while writing
- they have find it difficult to repeat what they are told
- poor printing, handwriting or drawing ability
- they may reverse letters or words when spelling
- may find it difficult to comprehend spoken or written directions
- find right left directions difficult
- find it difficult to remember or understand things they have read or was said to them
- find it difficult to put their thoughts down on paper
Children who have dyslexia learning disability display these symptoms not because of poor vision or hearing problems, but due to brain dysfunction. Their eyes and ears work properly, but the images or sounds get scrambled in the lower brain centers before reaching the higher centers of their brain. This leads to confusion and frustration in the learner.
When a child shows symptoms of dyslexia learning disability, it is important to conduct a neurodevelopmental exam, which includes tests of vision, hearing, coordination, neurological development, visual and auditory perception, academic achievement and intelligence.
Very often, it is possible to assist perception problems with exercises which help in improving a specific problem, or by teaching techniques which compensate for a problem. These can be done at home, too. Sometimes, taking the help of a speech therapist or an educational therapist can be useful.
What are the causes of dyslexia reading problems?
The chief reasons for dyslexia learning disability leading to reading problems are
- faulty reading instructions
- visual perception difficulties
- auditory perceptions difficulties
- difficulties with language processing
Intensified phonics, as different from the whole word approach (i.e see and say) is the best approach to effective reading instruction. It is important to learn word attack skills with the help of phonics, in addition to special help with acquiring expressive/receptive language skills, to improve dyslexia learning disability in reading.
Types of Learning Disabilities