Dyslexia Learning Strategies
In order to identify dyslexia learning strategies for children, dyslexia testing has to be administered to them first. Schools use a dyslexia evaluation process to diagnose dyslexia, and the evaluation also provides valuable information for teachers to plan the student’s learning program.
Dyslexia tests & analysis
The student’s performance in the evaluation and tests are analyzed to provide information on how he/she learns. School psychologists and special education teachers can then work with the student and gain information and immediate feedback on the nature of writing and reading errors made by the student.
Such information is extremely useful in determining the dyslexia learning strategies that would assist the student and to design special instructions to address the student’s dyslexia.
Programs for dyslexic children
Depending on the individual needs of a child, many dyslexia learning strategies have been developed to help them. Educators and parents have to be careful in choosing methods which are based on the child’s learning strengths, on the evaluation information and the extent to which she is affected by dyslexia.
The afflicted child’s progress has to be monitored to assess the effectiveness of the dyslexia learning strategies and interventions. Different methods or a combination of dyslexia learning strategies may be required to meet the learning needs of a dyslexic child.
- Tutoring on an individual basis allows the teacher to work in one-to one sessions with the dyslexic student to give him/her immediate guidance as well as feedback as the child learns to read. Such a method is very successful in detecting errors made by the child, so future learning is not affected.
- The multisensory method uses the senses of sight, hearing and touch to teach the dyslexic student.
- The whole language method teaches students with the help of sight word vocabulary and natural reading activities. Very often, the student’s reading abilities get a boost and develop naturally with this kind of exposure.
- The phonics method concentrates on the connections between the letter symbols and their sounds in the dyslexic student’s mind.
- Language and speech therapy teaches students with learning disorders to recognize and identify sight words and employs other methods to teach the child to manage their learning difficulties effectively.
Dyslexia learning strategies in the classroom
Various effective dyslexia learning strategies can be taken by the teacher in the classroom to help and support the dyslexic student, some of which are indicated below:
- the teacher can prepare an outline of the lesson that will be taught in the class, and end the lesson with a recapitulation of what was taught.
- When setting homework, the teacher should check whether the child has correctly written down what is required.
- Tasks should be broken down into small and easy to remember information pieces
- If the child has poor visual memory, there should be minimum copying. Handouts and notes should be given to the child.
- The child can be made to sit near the class teacher so he/she may give the necessary help if required, or the child may be supported by a sympathetic and motivated class mate.
What is Dyslexia