Dyslexia tests like screening and comprehensive tests are invaluable for assessing whether an individual is dyslexic or not. Comprehensive dyslexia tests are done by qualified psychologists or can even be taken online. There are many types of comprehensive reading dyslexia tests and even a basic knowledge of what these tests entail will be of some help to the dyslexics /family. These are designed to test the individual’s reading capacity at two levels: the ability to read or decode words and the ability to comprehend what he is reading and these can be timed or un-timed.
Types of decoding reading tests
The most frequently used reading dyslexia tests specifically for decoding words are Grey Oral, Woodcock Johnson, Gates- MacGinitie and the Linda Mood Auditory Conceptualization reading test.
Grey Oral Reading Test
This particular test is designed to measure the reading fluency of the individual. It consists of five separate measures to test the reading skill and these include speed, accuracy, comprehension, fluency and the overall reading ability. The speed and accuracy with which the text is read is combined to calculate the fluency of the reading. This is done by measuring the length of time it has taken to read the passage as well as by the number of errors made while reading it. The two scores are then combined to arrive at the fluency measure. Once the passage is read, questions are asked about it and responses noted. This makes for the comprehension score and at the end, an overall score for reading is given.
Woodcock Johnson Word Attack Subtests
Amongst the most popular of the reading dyslexia tests is this test which is made up of nonsensical words. The concept behind this is to test the person’s phonic and decoding skills since these words would never have been seen before and cannot be read from memory. Consisting of 26 words, it progresses to more difficult words and once the person makes 5 consecutive mistakes, the test ends.
Linda Mood Auditory Conceptualization Test
Taking about half an hour, this tests the person’s skills in distinguishing and manipulating sounds. It is a fun test since the person is required to demonstrate the sound heard with colored blocks. For example, if the person hears the word ‘pa’, he has to choose two different colored blocks to represent each sound heard in the word. The two blocks are placed together but they must be in the correct sequence, that is, ‘p’ must’ come before ‘a’. This progresses to words with more sounds.
Gates-MacGinitie Reading Test
This test comprises both vocabulary and comprehension and can be finished under an hour. The vocabulary part consists of 45 questions and takes about 20 minutes whereas the comprehension part has 48 questions and requires 35 minutes. The latter part has 11 passages about different topics and of varying lengths and is a multiple-choice test.
These dyslexia tests are important tools for correct diagnosis of this learning disorder and are of great help to the user.