The term dyslexics is often thrown around to define people suffering from some sort of learning disability. More often than not, the term itself is used in a negative sense to shun such people from social circles and activities. It is important to have a thorough understanding of the situation so that you can approach such cases with greater clarity and compassion. Once you are familiar with the basic concepts, you can understand the true meaning behind the term instead of just using it as a filler purpose. Here are some of the primary aspects of the disorder that you should know about:
Causes And Theories:
There are lots of proposed theories to why people become dyslexics and the root cause of the disorder. The genetic or hereditary theory attributes it to the transmission of certain genetic markers from generation to generation. Neuroscience highlights the presence of ectopic cells beneath the surface of the brain to be a major factor for the disorder. Some blame it on early age hearing defects and hearing loss that can be a direct precursor to dyslexics. Others ponder over selective one dimensional learning strategy that might have a direct effect on the results.
Identification And Symptoms:
Once you know how dyslexics first acquire the disorder, you have to study about the most common symptoms that can help you identify a potential patient. Poor academic performance despite of high intelligence, lowered motor skills and habit of daydreaming or hypertension are common indicators. Specifically, you should look for inability to follow verbal instructions, word reversals, lack of organization, poor logical and reasoning as well as clumsiness to fully profile dyslexics and the manifestation of the disorder.
Challenges And Obstacles:
Normal dyslexics have to face a lot of hardships in their daily lives. They are faced with conventional academic curriculums where they struggle to catch up with the rest of the class. Lack of proper formal education is a direct cause of lesser chances of employment in the future. They are extremely poor with social skills and cannot hold up on their own on activities. Many also suffer from health issues as well as a sense of low confidence and self esteem. All the people who are dyslexics need special care and attention to bring them back into the normal fold of life.
Treatments And Solutions:
There is no specific over the counter prescription that can cure dyslexics of their disorder. The best way is to make them academically sound through special courses and lesson plans prepared for such students. Degrees are granted through many institutions that also provide grants based on merit and special employment opportunities on a contractual basis. Certain medications can also be used to increase focus and concentration of an individual while a diet based on vitamin and nutritional supplements can keep dyslexics healthy in their daily life. All these measures are alternative solutions to the growing problem of dyslexia that has spread all over the world.
You should not shun away people just because of the presence of a certain disorder that many do not know or fully understand. Once you have a good grasp of the concepts that dyslexics have to face in their lives, you can extend your support to brighten up their future.