Information on Dyslexia
With the easy usage of the internet, any information in the world is just a click away and information on dyslexia is no exception. But, alongside these advantages there lurk many pitfalls also which the reader should be beware of. Although information on dyslexia is aplenty it is also surrounded by many myths and misconceptions and a review of the basic facts about this disorder may help you gather the relevant information on dyslexia.
A few basic facts about dyslexia
Dyslexia is not a disease; it is a learning disorder and that too not in the conventional sense as it has nothing to do with the level of intelligence. It lies simply in the way the brain of the affected person processes visual, auditory and verbal information. The reasons behind this disorder can vary from hereditary, congenital to physical trauma to the brain. Dyslexics are not ‘stupid’; most possess average IQ and some of them possess higher than average IQ. This learning disorder is not something which just disappears or outgrows over a period of time. Dyslexics can do very well if given the proper encouragement and environment, particularly in the creative field. Dyslexia is not a rare disorder. As per recent estimations, 1 out of 5 has this problem in some form or the other.
General guidelines to recognize the symptoms of dyslexia
Although dyslexia is very individualistic, there are certain symptoms which are more frequently seen in probable dyslexics. Getting confused by letters, words, numbers or verbal explanations is one common sign as is difficulty in performing a particular skill; for example, the person may be very good at Mathematics but poor at reading. Such a person seems to learn best through concrete demonstrations and hands-on-manuals rather than verbal instructions which makes him more confused.
Sifting through the information on dyslexia it will also be seen that dyslexic children often exhibit poor self-esteem which may manifest itself either in bullying or withdrawal. Abstract concepts are difficult to understand and dyslexics also tend to have poor organizational and time management skills.
Busting some myths about dyslexia
As stated earlier although a wealth of information on dyslexia is available, it is also submerged in many myths making it difficult for the lay person to separate the facts from fiction. The most common myth is that dyslexics are ‘stupid’ or ‘slow to learn’; nothing can be further from the truth as dyslexics have no problems in learning. It is just that their brain cannot process the information in the way it is normally taught and they need to be taught differently. Another misconception is that intelligent people cannot be dyslexic; but, Einstein, John Irwing and many more such luminaries were dyslexics. It is also thought that only people from low income or otherwise disadvantaged backgrounds more commonly have dyslexia. But, status, income or social environment has nothing to do with this.
As can be seen much of the so-called facts about dyslexia has been disproved and it is important to be careful while gathering information on dyslexia.