Learning Disabilities In Reading


Learning disabilities in reading basically means having problems in understanding the relationships between alphabets and sounds or in understanding the meaning of words and passages. This can lead to difficulties in decoding words and confusion with common alphabet clusters like th, ing, sh, str and ight is extremely common. The difficulty with alphabets is normally defined as learning disability in basic reading skills while difficulty in comprehending words and passages is usually referred to as learning disability in reading comprehension. Students with learning disabilities in basic reading are unable to read words in passages or in isolation whereas students with learning disabilities in reading comprehension have few or no problems in pronouncing words and they can usually read aloud without any difficulties. But, their reading is without any feeling and with no change in pace, rhythm or tone and there is an absolute lack of logical phrasing. They also do not remember or understand what they have read.

Learning disability in reading – causes

The main causes behind learning disabilities in reading appear to be problems in the language processing and visual reasoning centers of the brain. This may be due to developmental differences in the brain or due to genetic causes. Having difficulty in reading is not restricted to visual problems, poor instruction or deficient hearing and speech and it is necessary to get diagnostic tests done for learning disabilities.

Learning disability in reading- signs

The signs to watch out for people with learning disabilities in reading would be difficulty in word recognition and/or not understanding the core ideas of the reading passages. Even if they can read aloud their phrasing and fluency is often poor and they do not understand or remember what they have read.

Learning disability in reading- how to teach

A thorough evaluation of reading problems can help educators develop strategies which are effective. They can focus on pre-reading tasks, graphic organization and mediated reading instruction. Teachers can work upon improving comprehension and retention. Assessment information which is normally included in a child’s IEP can be used by educators to recognize specific types of reading problems and corresponding effective strategies developed. Progress can then be measured and adjustments made as required.

Learning disability in reading- common misconceptions

The most common myth surrounding students with learning disabilities in reading is that they must be intellectually deficient. This is certainly not the case as these students often have as high or higher than normal learning skills in other aspects; it is just that they cannot cope with reading and may appear to be lazy or stupid.

Learning disability in reading- testing/assessment

Diagnostic tests can be done on students to understand the specific type of reading problem which they might be having. Cognitive assessment, observations, language assessment, analysis of student’s work can help educators measure the child’s progress.

Learning disability in reading- how to get help

If you believe that your child has learning disabilities in reading, you must request an assessment test from the school. If the school cannot provide such help then you must contact the special education administrator of your school district.


Types of Learning Disabilities