Learning Disabilities Reading
Learning disabilities reading problem affects a student’s capacity to understand the meanings of passages and words that they read. Students affected by learning disabilities reading may have difficulty with basic reading skills in decoding words, but the bigger problem is comprehension.
Students with a learning disabilities reading problem are able to read aloud with very little difficulty in pronouncing the words, but they are unable to remember or understand what they have read. While they read aloud, the phrases and words are often read without any feeling or any tonal change, with no logic in phrasing, no pace or rhythm.
Causes of learning disabilities reading
Learning disabilities reading problems have their cause in difficulty with visual reasoning centers in the brain and language processing. A learning disability may be an inherited condition or due to certain developmental differences of the brain. A learning disabilities reading problem may not only be because of vision impairment, difficulty with speech or hearing, or because of absence of correct instruction.
Learning disabilities reading symptoms
Students affected with this disorder have difficulty comprehending the ideas in a reading passage and with word recognition. They may be able to read aloud without any difficulty, but they don’t remember or understand what they have read. Their fluency and phrasing is weak. Often, they try to avoid reading, and feel frustrated when given reading assignments in school. So learning disabilities reading problems affect many areas in academics.
Teaching a student with learning disability
Evaluation of the disabled student can provide the necessary information to educators to develop effective strategies. Such strategies concentrate on working with pre-reading tasks, graphic organizing, mediated reading instruction and improving retention and comprehension. Teachers make use of assessment information to discover the particular types of reading difficulties the student has, and effective strategies are employed to correct these problems.
Some common misconceptions
The abilities of students with learning disabilities may often be underestimated. Students with a learning disabilities reading problem may otherwise have a high ability in general learning; it is just that they have insufficient skill in a single area.
People affected with learning disabilities have to work harder to complete their tasks. It may seem that they are not making enough effort, when in fact they are overwhelmed.
Children with learning disability are aware that they lag behind their peers, and this affects their motivation and self-esteem.
Testing & assessment for learning disability
Diagnostic reading tests for learning disability can identify the specific problems affecting a student’s reading skills. By analyzing the student’s work, observation, cognitive assessment and language assessment, an educator can measure a child’s progress and formulate individual education programs.
Learning disability - where to get help
If you have reason to think your child has a learning disabilities reading problem, get in touch with the school principal or counselor and request for information on how to get an assessment done. If the school is not able to assist you, you can contact the special education administrator for the district for help.
Students in vocational programs or in college can approach the school’s advising office for resources for assessment and other assistance for their learning disabilities reading problem.
Types of Learning Disabilities