Non-verbal Learning Disorder
Non-verbal learning disorder is defined as a condition that is characterized by significant discrepancy between high verbal but lower performance aggregate on IQ tests with weaknesses in motor, visual and social skills. Some medical practitioners believe that this discrepancy can be attributed to dysfunction of the right cerebral hemisphere. Non-verbal learning disorder weaknesses are mainly concentrated in the field of perception, coordination, socialization, non-verbal problem solving and understanding of humor along with inability to memorize by rote.
Nonverbal Learning Disorder (NLD) is a disorder which inhibits the developmental process of a child and too frequently goes undetected. Individuals suffering from non learning disorder often endure the affliction silently. The individuals afflicted by learning disorder are intelligent, at times their intelligence level is truly remarkable. In their childhood the children are believed to be gifted owing to their incredible knowledge of words, their ability to memorize and their skills in reading the text.
In most cases the guardians are aware that something is wrong with their offspring. As nursery kids the children with non-verbal learning disorder face problem while interacting with children of the same age group. They also have difficulties in acquiring self reliance qualities, are physically inept, unable to adapt to unknown surroundings and present diverse irritating issues characteristic of non-verbal learning disorder that may create trouble or may be a matter of concern, though not insurmountable.
In most cases, the kids keep pace with other children during the preschool period, taking care of their studies with ease, the only exception being when they become susceptible to problems of non-verbal learning disorder like motor skills which hamper their movement or they lack concentration when dealing with mathematical calculation like addition or subtraction and at times some minor problem of their disability makes them incapable of keeping pace with other preschool children.
Things rapidly worsen when the preschool kids progress to their higher grades or middle schools and are given the responsibility of taking care of their individual activities. Soon such children with non-verbal learning disorder are unable to execute their homework, face problem when adhering to instructions and often present a disturbed demeanor in front of others while they are ill-tempered at their residence. Such affected persons are often called uncouth, aggressive and uncooperative but in actuality they are hard working, persistent and totally trustworthy.
Research in the field of non-verbal learning disabilities has yielded great deal of information but non-verbal learning disorder has been unrecognized and undiagnosed. In addition to academic problems, children having such disorders are at risk for emotional problems. The defining characteristics of non-verbal learning disorder are weakness in social awareness in spite of verbal facility being well developed.
With growing maturity in the child, social misperception and blunders become aggravated and the child feels isolated, friendless and may develop symptoms of depression, withdrawal and anxiety. This necessitates the critical need to identify and treat non-verbal learning disorder at the earliest to forestall mental health problems.
Medical practitioners world wide advise parents and school teachers to be watchful of their wards so that any unusual behavioral pattern is arrested immediately. If ultimately the child is found to be affected by such a syndrome, the guardians are advised to appreciate their difficulties and ensure proper interaction and coordination with their children. Most importantly, they should be immediately taken up for advanced treatment in this field at advanced medical centers.