Signs of Dyslexia


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Dyslexia has reached alarming proportions and research studies indicate that 40% of the American children face problems when learning to read or read aloud. This factor is believed to be one of the most common signs of Dyslexia. Out of this percentage three-fourth of the poor readers would continue to remain in similar condition even when they attain high school standard. The signs of Dyslexia in children are numerous. Amongst the most prominent signs are reversals of letters as these children get confused with the letters “b” and “d” when reading or writing. Signs of Dyslexia indicate the tendency of the child to read and write “cat” when they actually mean “cart” and is apparent in those individuals who read slowly and hesitate before formulating words, is not fluent and constantly lose track of words in the passage. In general, these affected people have reading problems.

Dyslexia is receiving wide spread attention owing to the combined efforts of concerned parents, care givers, educationists and medical practitioners. The most prominent factor causing Dyslexia is inherited genes. This aspect has been given a great deal of attention in recent years due to constant research which has revealed that this feature along with hearing problems may be the early signs of Dyslexia.

It is becoming apparent through intensive research that Dyslexia is generally found in family members who are normally left handed. This, however, does not indicate that a Dyslexic child is left handed and Dyslexic parents would give birth to Dyslexic infant. But research studies on early signs of Dyslexia stress the fact that one-third to half of the children has learning difficulty problems and half of the family members are left handed!

Technical advancement has facilitated research on factors that study the signs of Dyslexia. It is apparent that brain cells, especially the group of cells residing in the left and frontal areas of the brain is important for the development of reading and writing skills. Another segment of the brain which deals with the ability to discern moving images is found to be smaller in size and may cause Dyslexia. This feature creates problems during reading as the brain interprets letters and words differently.

A child’s hearing difficulties at the early stage is one of the common signs of Dyslexia. Frequent cold and throat infection during the first five years results in ear blockage which might impair the child’s hearing capabilities. If the condition remains undetected at an early stage then the developing brain of the child fails to link between the different sound intonations. Lack of proper hearing may hamper the child’s “phonemic” awareness and this delay in developing “phonemic” awareness is one of the most prominent signs of Dyslexia. It is, therefore, imperative to take corrective action at the initial stages whenever the child suffering from frequent cold and cough complains of hearing problems.

Inherited genes along with early hearing impairment may be the prime factor causing Dyslexia and the early signs of Dyslexia show that the child faces difficulties when dealing with letters / alphabets. They need constant emotional support from care givers throughout their schooling, college years and later in their professional lives.


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