A teacher has to adapt her teaching methods while teaching dyslexia affected children in her class to cater to their special requirements.
Traditional methods of teaching involve the teacher lecturing to the students who have to try and take in as much of the information as they can. After this, some kind of a worksheet is handed out to the students which they have to complete within a given time frame.
Such a method of teaching dyslexia affected children will only increase their difficulties; they are required to cope with new information, try to stay focused on the teacher’s voice, then being given a sheet full of words which they have difficulty reading, then a time barred assignment to complete.
Multi sensory method for teaching dyslexia affected children
Multi sensory approach is the most suitable method for teaching children showing signs of learning difficulty. For teaching dyslexia affected children, it is a must, for it would lessen their anxiety in the kind of situation described above, and also help them to absorb the information communicated to them.
If teachers made a few minor adjustments in their teaching in the classroom, it would benefit the dyslexic students enormously.
The multi sensory method utilizes all the senses to convey information to the children. Just as adults benefit by going to presentations, exhibitions, concerts where they receive all kinds of stimulations like music, voices, touch, sights to absorb information, these can be offered when teaching dyslexia affected children too.
While teaching dyslexia affected children, it is essential to involve all the senses so that they have more opportunities to learn. Often, their auditory or visual processing abilities may be weak. So, all the senses of the child, especially movement and touch should be utilized. If the child has problems with his auditory or visual processing abilities, his/her brain may respond better to kinetic or tactile memories.
This could be something as uncomplicated as writing letters on the carpet, so the children may use their finger to feel them. They can make letters with clay, sing the alphabet sounds, and so in this way, they can be helped to feel, see and hear the letters.
Outline of the lesson
When teaching dyslexia affected children, it is a good idea to begin the lesson by touching on the topics that will be covered. To help the child cope and not feel overwhelmed, the lesson can be broken up into small units. Children with dyslexia often find it difficult to read from overhead transparencies or shiny white boards, so this has to be kept in mind while the lesson is going on.
If the teacher has to write an assignment on the board and making individual copies for the dyslexic children is not possible, then she should leave the information on the board for as long as it will take the child to write it down.
While teaching dyslexia affected children, one has to be aware of their emotions. Such children may have a lowered self-esteem. There should be no fuss over any accommodations that may have to be made, and they should never be humiliated by the other children.
What is Dyslexia