Teaching Learning Disability
Many students find processing and remembering information difficult and those teaching learning disability will find these strategies help them reach out to such students better.
Teaching learning disability includes showing general courtesy
Showing general courtesy to students with learning disabilities will go a long way in boosting their self-confidence. This means that while teaching learning disability teachers should refrain from presuming that such students are inattentive if they are not responsive or that these students need to be explained everything in detail. Teachers should give these students priority while registering for classes or consult with an education specialist to understand the specific learning problem of each student.
The right course presentation is important for teaching learning disability
Teachers should clarify with students with learning disabilities whether they have understood the lesson questions or not. Providing these students with a detailed course syllabus before class commences, photocopies of lessons, chapter outlines and study guides containing key points of the lessons is an effective teaching learning disability strategy.
Oral instructions should be exact and logical and complicated words can be re-phrased or repeated. Frequently verbalizing the written matter on the chalkboard will help students with learning disabilities. Assignments should be given both in written as well as oral form. More complicated lessons can be recorded and made available to such students. Use props, examples in order to make the lessons more interesting and applied for these students.
Equip the laboratory correctly for effective teaching learning disability
Clearly labeling the laboratory equipment is essential for learning disabled students to identify them easily. Color coding the tools and lab materials will enhance visual recognition of such students.
Another good strategy in teaching learning disability in the lab is to hand out cue cards which contain steps to the experiment to help them further. An overhead projector outlining the lesson or experiment is very useful. Students with learning disabilities should be given extended time for preparations and delivery of reports. Take each student on an individual orientation of the lab to appease their anxiety and provide extra practice with the tools.
Setting suitable tests is important in teaching learning disability
In teaching learning disability teachers should set test papers suitable for such students. They should avoid complicated language in exam questions and make clear distinctions between each question. Alternative types of examinations like orals, open-book, hands-on demonstration can also be explored. If students with learning disabilities are more comfortable with answering in the form of illustrations these should be accepted.
Students with perceptual difficulty can be permitted to write answers on the test paper (circle or check) or dictate on a recorder. Reading and writing difficulties can be tackled by allowing someone to read out the test paper or write down the answers. The use of a calculator, dictionary, and computer should be given special permission during exams for learning disabled students.
Teaching learning disability is not as difficult as it seems and indeed it can be a rewarding and fulfilling experience for teachers if they adopt these few effective strategies.
Types of Learning Disabilities